LalBagh Yerba Mate

Leaves from this Holly tree from the Americas are used as a stimulating drink, rivalling coffee or tea for popularity

Vadaikanal Shola Holly

You can find a specimen of the holly tree- often associated with Christmas and cold European winters- in the montane tropical rainforest of the shola at Kodaikanal. The Vattakanal Conservation Trust has identified these trees as significant elements of the last shola rainforests. To learn more, or to contribute to their conservation initatives, visit